[citation needed].

[29] The suburb of Lyons was part of a multi-stage land release and development in the Northern Suburbs; planning, development and construction took place from 2004 to 2009. The ATSIC Aboriginal All-Stars also participate in the AFL pre-season competition. [77] Marine numbers based in Darwin increased to more than 1,150 troops by 2014. These include the George Brown Darwin Botanic Gardens, East Point Reserve, Casuarina Coastal Reserve, Charles Darwin National Park, Knuckey Lagoons Conservation Reserve, Leanyer Recreation Park, the Nightcliff Foreshore, Bicentennial Park, and the Jingili Water Gardens.

[9] The town was subsequently rebuilt with newer materials and techniques during the late 1970s by the Darwin Reconstruction Commission, led by former Brisbane Lord mayor Clem Jones. [97] This is an open-air cinema that operates through the dry season, from April to October, and screens independent and arthouse films. [28] The inner northern suburbs are home to lower-income households, although low-income Territory Housing units are scattered throughout the metropolitan area. In 1942 it was severely damaged by bombs and rebuilt after the war. [82], Darwin is served by a number of public and private schools that cater to local and overseas students. The constituents of each ward are directly responsible for electing three aldermen. [24] The rural areas of Darwin including Howard Springs, Humpty Doo and Berry Springs are experiencing strong growth.[25]. [32], Extreme temperatures at the Darwin Post Office Station have ranged from 40.4 °C (104.7 °F) on 17 October 1892 to 13.4 °C (56.1 °F) on 25 June 1891; while extreme temperatures at the Darwin Airport station (which is further from the coast and routinely records cooler temperatures than the post office station, which is in Darwin's CBD) have ranged from 38.9 °C (102.0 °F) on 18 October 1982 to 10.4 °C (50.7 °F) on 29 July 1942. The 2015 redistribution saw Tipperary Waters move to the division of Fong Lim. It covers both vocational and academic courses, acting as both a university and an Institute of TAFE.

The energy production is mostly off-shore with oil and natural gas from the Timor Sea, although there are significant uranium deposits near Darwin. Winners of the race were Tom Campbell Black and C. W. A. Scott.

Constituents of all wards are directly responsible for electing the Lord Mayor of Darwin. The division was created for the first Legislative Assembly election in 1974 and given the official name for Darwin Harbour. On 16 November 2011, Prime Minister Julia Gillard and President Barack Obama announced that the United States would station troops in Australia for the first time since World War II. The CBD has been the focus of a number of major projects, including the billion-dollar redevelopment of the Stokes Hill wharf waterfront area including a convention centre with seating for 1500 people and approximately 4,000 square metres (43,000 sq ft) of exhibition space.

[54] However, since the turn of the 21st century, voters have often selected Labor members, particularly in the more diverse northern section. Darwin was a compulsory stopover and checkpoint in the London-to-Melbourne Centenary Air Race in 1934. John Clements Wickham named the region "Port Darwin" in honour of their former shipmate Charles Darwin, who had sailed with them on the ship's previous voyage, which ended in October 1836. [74] [43], Darwin's population changed after the Second World War. [16], In early 1875 Darwin's white population had grown to approximately 300 because of the gold rush. [73] Some analysts[who?] Darwin has a tropical savanna climate (Köppen Aw)[30][31] with distinct wet and dry seasons and the average maximum temperature is similar all year round. Led by Harold Nelson, some 1000 demonstrators marched to Government House at Liberty Square in Darwin where they burnt an effigy of the Administrator of the Northern Territory John Gilruth and demanded his resignation. The Ghan passenger train service from Adelaide via Alice Springs and Katherine runs once per week in each direction, with some exceptions.[111]. The division was created for the first Legislative Assembly election in 1974 and given the official name for Darwin Harbour.

On 10 December 1919 Captain Ross Smith and his crew landed in Darwin and won a £10,000 Prize from the Australian Government for completing the first flight from London to Australia in under thirty days. In 1979 it was decided to rebuild, and the reconstruction was finished in 1981. Bus service in the greater Darwin area is provided by Darwinbus. The Administrator's Office dating from 1883 was used as a law court and as a police station and was only slightly damaged by bombs. Darwin has a bus network serviced by a range of contracted bus operators,[109] which provides transport to the main suburbs of Darwin.

While it is not as popular as the Melbourne Cup, it does draw a crowd and, in 2003, Sky Racing began televising most of the races. [87][non-primary source needed] Other festivals include the Glenti, which showcases Darwin's large Greek community, and India@Mindil, a similar festival held by the smaller Indian community. [a][b][c], In February 1872 the brigantine Alexandra was the first private vessel to sail from an English port directly to Darwin, carrying people many of whom were coming to recent gold finds. But they had flown 9000 miles in two days, had broken the England to Australia record of 162 hr. The ship's captain, Commander John Clements Wickham, named the port after Charles Darwin, the British naturalist who had sailed with them both on the earlier second expedition of the Beagle. The Darwin urban centre includes Darwin City and the associated suburbs from Buffalo Creek, Berrimah, and East Arm westwards, representing around 35% of the Northern Territory's population. Tourism employs 8% of Darwin residents and is expected to grow as domestic and international tourists are now spending time in Darwin during the Wet and Dry seasons. The Darwin Cup day is a public holiday for the Northern Territory (Picnic Day public holiday).

Port Darwin was named by Lieutenant John Lort Stokes in 1839 after Charles Darwin with whom he sailed on the previous voyage of the HMS Beagle. It was the same fleet that had bombed Pearl Harbor, though a considerably larger number of bombs were dropped on Darwin than on Pearl Harbor. However, at the end of the nineteenth century anti-Chinese feelings grew in response to the 1890s economic depression, and the White Australia policy meant many Chinese left the territory. As Darwin was destroyed by cyclones several times and suffered severe bomb damage during World War II, there are few historic buildings left in town.


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