It was ordered by Cosimo I after he became Duke of Florence, and placed in the city’s central Piazza della Signoria, under the Loggia dei Lanzi. Benvenuto Cellini was born in Florence in 1500 CE, the son of a stonemason. Benvenuto Cellini (1500-1571 CE) was an Italian Renaissance sculptor, medallist, and goldsmith whose most famous works today include the bronze statue of Perseus holding the head of Medusa, which now stands in Florence, and a magnificent gold salt cellar made for Francis I of France (r. 1515-1547 CE), now in Vienna. Cellini, reproduced in the posterior side of the helmet of Perseus his bearded self-portrait and on the Perseo’s shoulder-belt, he signed the work with his name. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms. Help us improve our records by sharing your corrections or suggestions.

Benvenuto Cellini (1500-1572 CE), the Florentine goldsmith-turned-sculptor, unveiled his magnum opus, the sculpture Perseus with the Head of Medusa, in April 1554. Posted by: Marco Ramerini Ho ideato alcuni siti internet tra cui il sito dedicato alla storia dell'esplorazione geografica e al colonialismo. Perseus has just cut off the head of the dreadful gorgon Medusa, whose stare turned living creatures into stone. Moreover, in that respect, Cellini also made a statement for himself in the actual casting of Perseus. [citation needed], Cellini was the first to integrate narrative relief into the sculpture of the piazza. When the piece was revealed to the public on 27 April 1554, Michelangelo's David, Bandinelli's Hercules and Cacus, and Donatello's Judith and Holofernes were already installed in the piazza.[2]. Perseus with the Head of Medusa 16th century After a model by Benvenuto Cellini Italian. The salt cellar was later given by King Charles IX of France (r. 1560-1574 CE) as a wedding present to Archduke Ferdinand of Tyrol, which explains why the piece has ultimately found its way to its present location, the Kunsthistorisches Museum of Vienna. These pieces are now preserved in the National Museum of the Bargello in Florence. Cartwright, Mark. While Rome was his base, there were short spells spent working in Florence and Venice. Art Styles and Categories: Cartwright, M. (2020, September 25). Apart from a detail of the right ankle, it succeeded perfectly. [13] The most difficult part would be completing the entire cast all at once. Perseus added to the cast of Olympian gods protecting the Medici. Perseus by Benvenuto Cellini. Benvenuto Cellini was the first to integrate narrative relief into the sculpture of the Piazza della Signoria. It measures an impressive 1.1 metres (3 ft 7 in) in height, and today it is back more or less where it was made, residing in the Bargello Museum in Florence. Cellini instead wanted to do what no one else had attempted. Made using enamel and gold set on an ebony base it has two reclining nude figures at the top. [10] Similarly, Andromeda acts as an allegory for Florence, while Perseus is the collective Medici swooping down to save the city. The boat next to him was intended to be filled with salt. The text on this page is licensed under a, All Getty Research Institute Publications, Conservation Perspectives, The GCI Newsletter, GCI Reference Collection (for materials analysis), Research Assistance at GCI Information Center, Links to Cultural Heritage Policy Documents, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, International Image Interoperability Framework (IIIF). The bust once had gilt highlights and enamel eyes. Cellini made the conscious decision to work in this medium because by pouring molten metal into his cast, he was vivifying the sculpture with life-giving blood. One project was the statue of Perseus (see below) and Cellini also did an idealised bronze portrait bust of the duke. Unique pieces also these and for some scholars considered even superior to the definitive statue. Marble sculpture by Antonio Canova (Vatican City), c. 1800. Benvenuto Cellini's sculpture of Perseus Beheading Medusa, from the Loggia dei Lanzi in Florence. Medusa symbolises the Republican experiment and the snakes coming out of her body are the discords that have always affected democracy. An interesting detail is the roaring lion on Cosimo’s right shoulder, a reference to his prowess as a political leader as the lion or marzocco was a potent symbol throughout the history of Florence. Books Pare infatti che. Benvenuto Cellini Perseus with the Head of Medusa 切里尼 伯修斯持蛇髮女妖首 - panoramio.jpg 3,044 × 4,611; 2.8 MB Benvenuto Cellini's Perseus.jpg 1,741 × 2,505; 704 KB Benvenuto Cellini-Perseus With the Head of Medusa - A detail-Loggia dei Lanzi.jpg 2,560 × 1,920; 2.28 MB Perseus by Benvenuto Cellini. To avoid potential data charges from your carrier, we recommend making sure your device is connected to a … Blood spews from Medusa's severed neck. This page was last edited on 14 October 2020, at 23:54.

Despite these boasts, the work does contain some frank assessments, and Cellini was an eyewitness to the events in Rome. He is a man who can do all and dares do all, and who carries the measure in himself. The work began with the preparation of two wax and bronze models.

In 1519 CE the young craftsman moved on to Rome, working in the mint there, and he remained in the Eternal City until 1540 CE. No one plans a visit to Tuscany without planning a visit to Florence: the city of the lily is a treasure trove of artistic treasures and the centre of a fervent vitality. [4] As the Perseus was installed in the Loggia, it dominated the dimensions of later pedestals of other sculptural works within the Loggia, like Giambologna's The Rape of the Sabine Women. Per scoprirla basta mettersi alle spalle della statua e osservarne la parte posteriore: alla giuntura della nuca e sul retro dell'elmo infatti l'artista ha realizzato un impressionante effetto ottico, grazie al quale vi sembrerà di scorgere il volto di un uomo.

Ancient History Encyclopedia. The subject matter of the work is the mythological story of Perseus beheading Medusa, a hideous woman-faced Gorgon whose hair had been turned to snakes; anyone who looked at her was turned to stone. This information is published from the Museum's collection database. Ancient History Encyclopedia. Perseus was one of Cellini's crowning works, completed with two different ideals in mind. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. (Verso, mount) lower right, in pencil: "Alinari 6".

Benvenuto Cellini was born in Florence. The Life of Benvenuto Cellini: A Florentine Artist. [15] Cellini was competing against monumental works of marble sculpture like Michelangelo's David and wanted to make a statement for himself and his patron, Cosimo I. Michael Cole specifically draws attention to the process of casting the Perseus. Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. On April 27, 1554, to the amazement of the Florentines, the statue was inaugurated and placed in Piazza della Signoria, under the Loggia dei Lanzi. Although the surviving body of Cellini’s work is surprisingly small, he … [7] The Medici still dominated the theme of the pedestal as Perseus in the pedestal is an allegory for Duke Francesco Medici.[8]. A complex character whose best work has not survived for us to admire, the famed Renaissance historian Jacob Burckhardt gives the following summary of Cellini’s character, as revealed in his autobiography: Benvenuto as a man will interest mankind to the end of time. By his side our modern autobiographies, though their tendency and moral character may stand much higher, appear incomplete beings. Cite This Work Language and societal norms shift, and cataloging of a collection is a continuous work in progress.

Every effort has been made to accurately determine the rights status of works and their images. Open Content images tend to be large in file-size. Some Rights Reserved (2009-2020) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. I have found the job extremely difficult, but it was expected after my apprenticeship with the great sculptor, Benvenuto Cellini.

The work was very complex as he had to create a flame at a temperature adapted to both the insufficiency of the basin and for a fire in his workshop. Commissioned by Francis I, the Nymph of Fontainebleau is a larger-than-lifesize bronze plaque showing a reclining Diana from Greek/Roman mythology. The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. Oltre che a molti altri siti di viaggi in diverse lingue.

The fame of the statue in art history also is also owed to the extraordinary melting feat that Cellini achieved.

Perhaps in the latter city, he came across Islamic art as Cellini often used ‘arabesque’ motifs in his metalwork engravings. Burckhardt, Jacob & Murray, Peter & Middlemore, S. G. C. & Burke, Peter. The content on this page is available according to the International Image Interoperability Framework (IIIF) specifications. [11] Cellini chose to represent the sad side of the story of Andromeda; however he created a focus on the Medici, as Perseus, saving the unsmiling Andromeda.

[9] Fortunately, the public received the sculpture well, as Cosimo watched the reception from a window in the Palazzo Vecchio. Other interesting events in the artist’s life include his time in Rome where he was once put in prison accused of stealing some of the Pope’s jewels. Cellini began his career as an apprentice in a goldsmith’s workshop in Florence. Perseus with the Head of Medusa is a bronze sculpture made by Benvenuto Cellini in the period 1545–1554. The finest example of Cellini’s skills as a goldsmith is the salt cellar he made for Francis I, in the early 1540s CE. Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. Retrieved from It is located in the Loggia dei Lanzi in the Piazza della Signoria in Florence, Italy.

"Benvenuto Cellini." “ ‘Andromeda’: Transformation of Historical and Mythological Sources.”. Perseus with Medusa's head, as depicted in Urania's Mirror, a set of constellation cards published in London c. 1825. Sculpture by Feodosy Fedorovich Shchedrin [de; ru]. [17] Cellini also invokes Christ and by doing so he breathes life into the sculpture. Duke Alessandro I was the first Florentine duke and Hercules and Cacus was revealed during his time, meeting with a terrible reception by the public in 1534. He made various works of art for the French king Francis I, including his famous salt cellar and the bronze plaque of Diana (see below).

The two figures have their legs intertwined, suggesting the mutual interdependence of these two spheres of human existence (Campbell, 350), as well as the frequent coupling of these two bounties of the earth and sea on the aristocratic dinner plate: salt and pepper. Benvenuto Cellini was a complex character whose best work has not survived for us to admire. Finally, Cellini produced a life-size representation of Jesus Christ on the Cross (c. 1562 CE), which was perhaps originally intended for the sculptor’s own tomb but which now resides in the San Lorenzo Monastery, El Escorial, Spain.

The bust has Cosimo fetchingly dressed in armour as Roman emperors were wont to wear for their portraits. As the Perseus was installed in the Loggia, it dominated the dimensions of later pedestals of other sculptural works within the Loggia, like Giambologna’s The Rape of the Sabine.


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