David Shulman (1989), The King and the Clown, Princeton University Press. As Rahul Gandhi’s efforts have shown, it is impossible to make a dent in Mayawati’s Dalit votebank.

These rivalries would find an expression during elections. No doubt, the Congress’ clamour that it wants to build a Brahmin vote-bank has earned it the community’s gratitude. What do they call his thighs and feet? Johannes de Kruijf and Ajaya Sahoo (2014), Indian Transnationalism Online: New Perspectives on Diaspora. After 17 years of unstable governments in Uttar Pradesh, the Bahujan Samaj Party’s Mayawati won with a full majority in 2007.

Patrick Olivelle (2011), Ascetics and Brahmins: Studies in Ideologies and Institutions, Anthem, RC Prasad (2014), The Upanayana: The Hindu Ceremonies of the Sacred Thread.

In medieval times, Kanyakubj Brahmins who were given large land grants formed an exclusive subgroup called Bees Biswa Brahmins. [65] The Hindu tradition recognises him as the founder of the Hindu Ramanandi Sampradaya,[66] the largest monastic renunciant community in Asia in modern times. Martin Ramstedt (2003), Hinduism in Modern Indonesia, Routledge. Voters these days like to give decisive mandates.

[39] The Dharmasutras too mention Brahmin farmers.

Below them are Das Biswa Brahmins – the Biswa being the measure of land they were granted.

[17], The text lists eight virtues that a Brahmin must inculcate: compassion, patience, lack of envy, purification, tranquility, auspicious disposition, generosity and lack of greed, and then asserts in verse 9.24–9.25, that it is more important to lead a virtuous life than perform rites and rituals, because virtue leads to achieving liberation (moksha, a life in the world of Brahman). They were the first community to take up Western education and therefore dominated lower level of British administration in the 19th century. The mistake that the BJP makes is that it is not able to keep Brahmin voters happy, alienating them by putting non-Yadav OBCs at the forefront.

Kaundinya introduced Hinduism, particularly Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva and Harihara (half Vishnu, half Shiva), and these ideas grew in southeast Asia in the 1st millennium CE. [67][68], Other medieval era Brahmins who led spiritual movement without social or gender discrimination included Andal (9th-century female poet), Basava (12th-century Lingayatism), Dnyaneshwar (13th-century Bhakti poet), Vallabha Acharya (16th-century Vaishnava poet), among others.

Copyright © 2020 HuffPost India Pvt. [86], The Chams Balamon (Hindu Brahmin Chams) form a majority of the Cham population in Vietnam. Gerald James Larson (1995), India's Agony Over Religion, State University of New York Press.

It organised 50 Brahmin jodo sammelans or Brahmin enrolment conferences, culminating in a Brahmin Maha rally in Lucknow.

RA Donkin (1998), Beyond Price: Pearls and Pearl-fishing, American Philosophical Society.

[14], The Dharmasutras and Dharmasatras text of Hinduism describe the expectations, duties and role of Brahmins. Their ally, the Jats’ Rashtriya Lok Dal, won another 5. Here’s What He Found, Jason Momoa Says He And Lisa Bonet Were 'Starving' After He Died On 'Game of Thrones', Why It Matters That Jill Biden Plans To Teach While Serving As First Lady, Experts Predict What The COVID-19 Pandemic Will Be Like In 2021, Pompeo Says There Will Be Smooth Transition To 'Second Trump Administration', Golfer’s Astounding Hole-In-One Goes Viral: ‘What Did I Just Watch?’, Bihar: Congress Responds With Allegations Of Forgery, EVM Tampering After Disappointing Performance, Bihar Elections: Left Parties Fare Well Compared With Congress, JD(U), Biden Calls Trump's Refusal To Accept Election Results 'An Embarrassment'. [82] During the Konbaung dynasty, Buddhist kings relied on their court Brahmins to consecrate them to kingship in elaborate ceremonies, and to help resolve political questions. Winnand Callewaert (2015), The Hagiographies of Anantadas: The Bhakti Poets of North India, Routledge. [72][73], The term Brahmin appears extensively in ancient and medieval Sutras and commentary texts of Buddhism and Jainism.

The state of our knowledge of this fundamental subject is preliminary, at best.

But the Brahmin’s value lies not only in their vote, but also in their ability to influence popular perceptions. In the local media, at the chai shop, amongst the chattering classes, Brahmins have power to influence the sense of the political ‘hawa’. John Bussanich (2014), Ancient Ethics (Editors: Jörg Hardy and George Rudebusch), Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht. The community’s response has been enthusiastic. The state’s first chief minister was a Brahmin – Govind Ballabh Pant. Varna (class) in Hinduism, one of four castes, Brahmin and renunciation tradition in Hinduism, Brahmins, bhakti movement and social reform movements, Outside South Asia: Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Vietnam and Indonesia, Modern demographics and economic condition. About ten per cent of the population, often concentrated in particular regions, it is the Brahmins who Mayawati wooed in 2007.

Social scientist Christophe Jaffrelot in his The Rise of the Lower Castes suggests the “jutey” or the shoes in the slogan signified Jatavs – the BSP’s mainstay. The Brahmin vote matters a lot more than 10 per cent. Along with factors such as NREGA and farm loan waiver, Brahmin support was party responsible for the Congress winning 21 (of 80) seats that election, up from 9 seats in 2004. Both belonged to the Bharatiya Janata Party, testifying to the possibility that even the most favoured party of Brahmins considers them a drag to its ambition of growth.

The Brahmins of UP are not a monolith, as it might seem to most. This just might have been a factor why the BSP also polled 12% of Rajputs and 14% of Vaishya votes, which augmented the party’s massive Jatav vote base to give it the electoral majority in the Assembly. Michael Witzel writes. The BJP can succeed in UP only if it adopts a Brahmin first strategy. His thighs became the Vaiśya, from his feet the Śūdra was produced. The Gautama's Dharmasutra, the oldest of surviving Hindu Dharmasutras, for example, states in verse 9.54–9.55 that a Brahmin should not participate or perform a ritual unless he is invited to do so, but he may attend. After Atal Behari Vajpayee’s exit from the political scene, the BJP has not been able to give them a Brahmin leader of high stature. They know it is perhaps impossible for them to again become king, as they were for most of UP’s history. [7][8][note 1] This Purusha Sukta varna verse is now generally considered to have been inserted at a later date into the Vedic text, possibly as a charter myth.

Anand A. Yang, Bazaar India: Markets, Society, and the Colonial State in Bihar, This page was last edited on 9 November 2020, at 05:43.

If MBCs are the last vote, the first vote in UP is that of Brahmins.

Brahmins have a disproportionate share of the public discourse. 12 The Brahmin was his mouth, of both his arms was the Rājanya made. About ten per cent of the population, often concentrated in particular regions, it is the Brahmins who Mayawati wooed in 2007. Yet it was the BJP which remained the most favoured party of Brahmins, 38% of whom voted for it. [40][41], The Pali Canon depicts Brahmins as the most prestigious and elite non-Buddhist figures. The BSP also fielded largest Brahmin contingent in the 2019 Lok Sabha election in UP. But this was a decline of 6% from what the BJP had netted in 2007.

This demands they use their number – said to be 11% after including the Bhumihars – more effectively in electoral politics for preserving their socio-economic status that is still relatively better than that of most other social groups. "O Niganthas, you ... Modern scholars state that such usage of the term Brahmin in ancient texts does not imply a caste, but simply "masters" (experts), guardian, recluse, preacher or guide of any tradition. If the Congress is able to woo Brahmins and create the impression that it is suddenly becoming a serious player in UP 2017, the Congress may also be able to Muslims (18%) and Thakurs (7%). In Buddhist Pali Canon, such as the Majjhima Nikaya and Devadaha Sutta, first written down about 1st century BCE,[74] the Buddha is attributed to be mentioning Jain Brahmins and ascetics, as he describes their karma doctrine and ascetic practices:[75]. Brahmins in UP have a simple problem with the BJP. ऊरू तद् अस्य यद् वैश्यः पद्भ्यां शूद्रो अजायत॥१२॥ It is only then that they will vote for it. [17], The later Dharma texts of Hinduism such as Baudhayana Dharmasutra add charity, modesty, refraining from anger and never being arrogant as duties of a Brahmin. [49], Eric Bellman states that during the Islamic Mughal Empire era Brahmins served as advisers to the Mughals, later to the British Raj.

– 4.2–4.3, He must never follow a worldly occupation for the sake of livelihood, but subsist by means of a pure, upright and honest livelihood proper to a Brahmin. [4] In practice, Indian texts suggest that Brahmins were agriculturalists, warriors, traders and have held a variety of other occupations in the Indian subcontinent. Increasingly Brahmins deem it better to have an MLA from their caste than to elect a non-Brahmin MLA from even their most favoured party. The Blessed One [Buddha] said, [34] Of these, Manusmriti in verses 10.83–10.84 recommends a Brahmin should avoid agriculture if possible because, according to Olivelle translation, agriculture "involves injury to living beings and dependence of others" when the plow digs the ground and injures the creatures that live in the soil. It has a population of about 199,581,477 as per the 2011 census.

Dorothy Figueira (2002), Aryans, Jews, Brahmins: Theorizing Authority through Myths of Identity, State University of New York Press. Post-poll surveys after the 2007 election showed that only 17% Brahmins had voted for the BSP, and most of this was likely concentrated in seats where the BSP had given tickets to Brahmin candidates. They were copied, translated and incorporated into local law code, with strict adherence to the original text in Burma and Siam, and a stronger tendency to adapt to local needs in Java (Indonesia)". [55][57], Many of the prominent thinkers and earliest champions of the Bhakti movement were Brahmins, a movement that encouraged a direct relationship of an individual with a personal god.

Brahmins, states Olivelle, were the social class from which most ascetics came. G Shah (2004), Caste and Democratic Politics in India, Anthem.


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