To date, at least, they can't put oat bran in a banana or omega- 3s in a peach. p.1 Eat food. Put another way: Foods are essentially the sum of their nutrient parts. But these whole foods are the exceptions.

It would be too much to hope those goals could be achieved without sacrificing at least some of the nutritional quality of our food.

In the case of nutritionism, the widely shared but unexamined assumption is that the key to understanding food is indeed the nutrient. We have known for a century now that there is a complex of so-called Western diseases – including obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, hypertension, and a specific set of diet-related cancers – that begin almost invariably to appear soon after a people abandons its traditional diet and way of life. Yet as a general rule it's a whole lot easier to slap a health claim on a box of sugary cereal than on a raw potato or a carrot, with the perverse result that the most healthful foods in the supermarket sit there quietly in the produce section, silent as stroke victims, while a few aisles over in Cereal the Cocoa Puffs and Lucky Charms are screaming their newfound " whole- grain goodness" to the rafters. (Though rest assured the genetic engineers are hard at work on the problem.) It’s hard to imagine the low-fat/high-carb craze taking off as it did or our collective health deteriorating to the extent that it has if McGovern’s original food-based recommendation had stood: Eat less meat and fewer dairy products. In Defense Of Food Chapter Summary PDF, ePub eBook, Michael pollans in defense of food an eaters manifesto is a follow up book of sorts to the omnivores dilemma its a slim little number with quick chapters so ill be cruising along through some of the three page long chapters with nary a comment chapter 1. For example, the Japanese, who consume large amounts of omega-3s (most of it in fish), have markedly low rates of cardiovascular disease in spite of their high rates of smoking and high blood pressure. In defense of food summary thanks for exploring this supersummary plot summary of in defense of food by michael pollan a modern alternative to sparknotes and cliffsnotes supersummary offers high quality study guides that feature detailed chapter summaries and analysis of major themes characters quotes and essay topics. Read In Defense of Food, part 1 here. They point out that in 1980 less than 10 percent of Americans owned a microwave; by 1999 that figure had reached 83 percent of households. With the result that today corn contributes 554 calories a day to America’s per capita food supply and soy another 257. First Chapter 'In Defense of Food' By Michael Pollan. Our food system has long devoted its energies to increasing yields and selling food as cheaply as possible. It is hard to eat badly from the farmers’ market, from a CSA box (community-supported agriculture, an increasingly popular scheme in which you subscribe to a farm and receive a weekly box of produce), or from your garden. We can relearn which foods are healthy, develop simple ways to moderate our appetites, and return eating to its proper context — out of the car and back to the table. Most nutritional science involves studying one nutrient at a time, a seemingly unavoidable approach that even nutritionists who do it will tell you is deeply flawed. 4, No.

The Year of Eating Oat Bran-also known as 1988-served as a kind of coming- out party for the food scientists, who succeeded in getting the material into nearly every processed food sold in America. Because plants living on organic farms aren’t sprayed with synthetic pesticides, they’re forced to defend themselves, with the result that they tend to produce between 10 percent and 50 percent more of these valuable secondary compounds than conventionally grown plants.

Hyphens sprouted like dandelions in the supermarket aisles: low- fat, no- cholesterol, high- fiber. Read In Defense of Food, part 3 here. Add wheat (768 calories) and rice (91) and you can see there isn’t a whole lot of room left in the American stomach for any other foods. What we did not know before O’Dea took her Aborigines back to the bush was that some of the most deleterious effects of the Western diet could be so quickly reversed. pmed.0040005.

Never . We know that people who take supplements are generally healthier than the rest of us, and we also know that, in controlled studies, most of the supplements they take don’t appear to work. – Eat more like the French, or the Italians, or the Japanese, or the Indians, or the Greeks, – Regard nontraditional foods with skepticism, – Don’t look for the magic bullet in the traditional diet. Mostly plants. Oat bran's moment on the dietary stage didn't last long, but the pattern now was set, and every few years since then, a new oat bran has taken its star turn under the marketing lights. The Mars Corporation recently endowed a chair in chocolate science at the University of California at Davis, where research on the antioxidant properties of cacao is making breakthroughs, so it shouldn't be long before we see chocolate bars bearing FDA- approved health claims.

Copyright (c) Michael Pollan, 2008. In Defense of Food Chapter Summary.

For while it is true that Americans post-1977 did shift the balance in their diets from fats to carbs so that fat as a percentage of total calories in the diet declined (from 42 percent in 1977 to 34 percent in 1995), we never did in fact cut down on our total consumption of fat; we just ate more of other things.


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