A critical reflection on utilitarianism as the basis for psychiatric ethics. The rule states to ‘do unto others as you would have them do to you’. Massey and its Upper Big Branch consistently remained insensitive to environmental precautions and mismanaged the coal slurry that contained toxic impurities. The strong hurricane could barely allow the fellow shift miners to rescue others at the juncture of the incidence, and this aspect probably might have required rescue experts. It is the only moral framework that can be used to justify military force or war. Previous records in 2006 indicated similar problems at the company. Gardiner, P. (2003). IvyPanda. Retributive or corrective justice means that organizational members receive punishment or correction in a fair and justified manner and organizations should punish members depending on the set rules and regulations, but not on biased terms. Philosophers argue that ethical business practices may even not require theories of justice, utility, or even rights, but ethical practices may only require ethical leadership where passion is intrinsic (Ciulla, 2004).

Lack of these essential safety precautions underscores a violation of safety requirements and the 2011 was a similar breach to safety principles as they undermined the employee’s justice. 0000001074 00000 n This aspect contrasted the notion of ethical business practices that percepts that organizations should undertake their businesses morally by ensuring that they preserve justice, employee freedom, and safeguard human dignity (Ciulla, 2004). The study of ethics focuses on human relationships and what is considered morally correct in human behaviors. On this day, nine of the shift miners had just managed to come out of the cars and while walking towards the exit end of the mine, they heard a loud blast of air blow past them.

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There are other differences and indeed some similarities which will be considered throughout this essay. 0000002165 00000 n Although little equipped with oxygen tanks and masks, the tanks possessed little oxygen that limited the required air supply.

If you are the copyright owner of this paper and no longer wish to have your work published on IvyPanda. An ethics of care from an unificationist perspective. (2019, February 6). Cases of ethical lapses are still on the rise, and thus developing an understanding of the issues in the context of decent business practices is becoming essential.

Business Ethics Quarterly, 20(4), 559-581. Employees should enjoy favorable working conditions and companies should never subject employees to any form of humiliation at the expense of corporate gain (Arnold et al., 2010).

302 -328). All the five business ethics theories are fundamental to understanding the notion of ethical business practices that continue to raise differing controversies in the modern business world. 35 0 obj<> endobj Following ethical dilemmas and ethical lapses in business practices that became eminent in the 1970s, the concept of business ethics emerged to expound business ethical principles (Arnold et al., 2010). Employers and especially leaders who engage directly with workers and understand their sentiments and problems have the moral obligation of workplace duty of care to protect the welfare of employees. For this point, it is important to note that this is not in reference to the specific detail in the Hedonic Calculus, but is about the underlying reason for its use. February 6, 2019. https://ivypanda.com/essays/business-ethics-utilitarianism-rights-justice-caring-and-virtue-theories/. Firstly, both theories are examples of relativism, meaning that there are no absolute standard which apply to the rightness and wrongness of actions. Justice and fairness entail treating individuals with the desired dignity and equity, something that the Massey Company and its Upper Big Branch undermined. Unfortunately, your browser is too old to work on this site. Most moral theories imply that there is a (moral) reason to do what is expected to maximize what is good for all, or more precisely, the net surplus of what is good for all over what is bad for them. Ethical leadership should consider the fundamental rights, freedom, and protection of employees as an integral issue in the company and take it as a moral responsibility not due to coercion. The Massey Energy Company owned numerous mining companies across the United States. Recent work in ethical theory and its implications for business ethics. Despite advice, there were cracks and faults running through the mine walls that predisposed workers to workplace risks. 0000004426 00000 n Although, they are both. It is a Christian principle to live one’s life in such a way they strive to be like Jesus, and are motivated to follow Christian principles and rules in order to do this. Human approach towards anticipation for maximizing of pleasure and elimination of suffering and pain brings about the fundamentals established in the realm of moral philosophies that date back to a distant past (Robertson & Walter, 2007). Journal of Unification Studies, 12(1), 41-56. Management teams should be virtuous so that their actions and regulations that they develop do not contradict the real meaning of ethical leadership. Bentham’s empirical method of finding out whether the action is worthwhile was to use the Hedonic Calculus, a process of assessment which gauges the act’s outcome in several categories, such as its certainty, purity or extent. The justice theory is one of the business ethics theories that are critical to mistreatment and injustice treatments of persons especially in organizations. According to the utilitarianism concept, human beings should enjoy uninterrupted peace, pleasure if possible, and that maximization of happiness goes in hand with the actions of intentions. Situation ethics has also been pointed out as having similar principles o Utilitarianism. Justice and fair practice include a relationship between employees and employers, and employees and employees as well, something that is undisputable in the justice theory. One of the areas where utilitarianism proves imperative is where it contributes to the notion that defending an oppressed majority against the few privileged is more virtuously good.


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