It described alarming trends in black employment, poverty, and education and argued that they were exacerbated by black family instability. .

But such a program can be sold on its own considerable merits. %PDF-1.5 Blam­ing the Left for fail­ing to accept Moynihan’s con­clu­sions per­verse­ly holds civ­il rights activists account­able for con­tem­po­rary inequalities. . Reviewed in the United States on December 19, 2019. We don’t have to mis­char­ac­ter­ize Moyni­han as a racist or as a pro­po­nent of dra­con­ian wel­fare reform to see the prob­lems with his analysis. Edward GrossDepartment of SociologyUniversity of MinnesotaMinneapolis, Minnesota. .). . zealots. . to congratulate you on publishing Daniel P. Moynihan’s piece [“The President and the Negro: the Moment Lost,” February]. Philip Randolph InstituteNew York City. To get the free app, enter your mobile phone number. . You're listening to a sample of the Audible audio edition. This past year a faculty seminar has been meeting in Cambridge to consider the implications of this study, and to analyze the data somewhat further. And in deeming the Republican resurgence a good thing, is he in the camp of those elements in the peace movement who favored this resurgence as a counterweight to the monomaniacal antics of a half-demented President in Vietnam? In a paper entitled “Problems in the Use of Research Data to Support Civil Rights Propositions,” written in 1964, Eleanor Wolf of Wayne State University raised this issue with considerable prescience.

. It was to these extravagant and portentous interpretations that most criticism was directed. Moynihan actually shifts to quoting Duncan to make this point and avoids noting that Coleman . . This book needs to be read by many. "The Moynihan Report". The impression most of us received at the White House conferences and which his article conveys is that there was a movement to terminate efforts at desegregation of the many institutions where racial standards prevail. 2 0 obj The Content of Our Character: A New Vision of Race In America, Please Stop Helping Us: How Liberals Make It Harder for Blacks to Succeed. Moyni­han, from the start, con­tra­dict­ed his case for lib­er­al social poli­cies by iden­ti­fy­ing fam­i­ly struc­ture as African Amer­i­cans’ ​“mas­ter prob­lem,” the root cause of their self-per­pet­u­at­ing ​“tan­gle of pathol­o­gy.” By so doing, Moyni­han implied either that African Amer­i­cans must cre­ate and pre­serve nuclear fam­i­lies through their own efforts or that racial inequal­i­ty was so entrenched that gov­ern­ment could not effec­tive­ly alle­vi­ate it. He served as Assistant Secretary of Labor under Presidents Kennedy and Johnson; he was an adviser to the Republican President Nixon and Ambassador to India and to the United Nations. After six years of life in disadvantaged homes, this is not a very serious lag. . As a writer, Mr. Moynihan is rarely boring, and that’s saying a good deal. I remember Moynihan--I am that old. Also in other areas, such as income, employment, and incarceration, the statistics have deteriorated for blacks.

While the issues raised by the Moynihan Report are overshadowed for the moment, at some future time they will be raised again, debated and fought over, and, hopefully, bear fruit in meaningful programs to provide the kind of social and economic resources that must exist if Negroes are to have the chance to climb out of the degradation into which white society has forced them. Enter your mobile number or email address below and we'll send you a link to download the free Kindle App. No political movement can be healthy unless it has its own press to inform it, educate it and orient it.

. . On the basis of my own experience, and that widely reported by other teachers and principals, the horror is that they come to school eager, bright, quick, verbal, and every year thereafter the gap increases. Not to James Farmer and Ralph Ellison. There are many such consequences, including poor health, inadequate education, and certain forms of social deviance.

We don’t share your credit card details with third-party sellers, and we don’t sell your information to others. . This little book is great and gives very detail explanation and statistics about the condition of black people in regards to family and the dynamics, economically, socially, and educationally. Moreover, he indicates that a. substantial increase in family income would be the single most effective device for broadening opportunities for lower-class Negroes and increasing family stability.

By high­light­ing black fam­i­ly ​“insta­bil­i­ty,” Moyni­han hoped to draw atten­tion to the deep­er social and eco­nom­ic inequities faced by African Amer­i­cans, espe­cial­ly the dearth of job oppor­tu­ni­ties for black men that pre­vent­ed them from serv­ing as fam­i­ly bread­win­ners. . What Moynihan proposes, right as it is, can never actually be enacted without the moment-by-moment support, connivance, sacrifice, love, money, effort, votes, and prayers of all the groups and individuals that he seems to feel got in his way. 3 0 obj . . Jack PustilnikDepartment of PhilosophyOld Dominion CollegeNorfolk, Virginia. To this he responds in an abused tone that he is emphasizing the social condition of the Negro poor not as evidence of Negro unfitness, but in order to substantiate the need to raise Negro income. Like Dr. Franken­stein, who did not antic­i­pate his creation’s des­tiny, con­ser­v­a­tive appro­pri­a­tion of the Moyni­han Report is deeply iron­ic because Moyni­han wrote it as a lib­er­al offi­cial in Pres­i­dent Lyn­don Johnson’s admin­is­tra­tion. (The Legal Defense Fund, incidentally, is prosecuting suits attacking many of the policies of welfare administrators that tend to deteriorate family structure.) Certainly for the past twenty years we have supplied much of the material which has undermined racist beliefs, and we have both contributed evidence and helped to develop popular understanding of the socio-cultural basis of group behavioral differences. Thus, arguments based on the simple proposition of making the poor less poor seem a far better political strategy than to raise once again the ghost of Booker T. Washington. . The “racist virus” still flowing through the veins of American society hinders, in … Please include your name, contact information, and the name of the title for which you would like more information. Prime members enjoy FREE Delivery and exclusive access to music, movies, TV shows, original audio series, and Kindle books. . . (The Legal Defense Fund has 35 lawsuits pending; the Department of Justice has one.) The fact is that the people committed to the Freedom Budget have never been associated with the first complex of ideas.

Please try again. It also was not meant for public consumption, so it is not Mr. Moynihan’s fault if it was leaked to the newspapers. .” there is presented the proposition that we ought to take a sharp turn in approach.

The Randolph Freedom Budget, an effort to describe in some detail the kind of program that Moynihan’s efforts pointed toward, made its public appearance in the same week that the Republican-Southern conservative coalition regained its congressional hegemony.

The civ­il rights move­ment had suc­cess­ful­ly pushed for the Civ­il Rights Act of 1964; the Vot­ing Rights Act of 1965 would soon fol­low. .

I just received an email from Father Joseph Fessio stating that Catholic World Report would become a purely internet publication after its December 2011 issue, ceasing to appear in print after more than 20 years of continuous publication. Such speculations on what might have been are not only bad history . .

. . Attempts to force the low-income Negro family into the mold of the white middle-class family can only meet with failure since the conditions of life for the Negro family are so totally different.

Nor did any critic suggest that it wasn’t “nice” to mention broken Negro families and high Negro illegitimacy ratios, . But if it was thought to be, then let us note how easily misunderstandings of great consequence can arise, and let us be on the watch for them in the future. . For 50 years, con­ser­v­a­tives have used the report to ratio­nal­ize the per­sis­tence of inequal­i­ty in the post-civ­il rights era. . His most con­crete pol­i­cy sug­ges­tion for pro­vid­ing employ­ment to black men was to recruit more into the armed forces, then fight­ing a war in Viet­nam — one kind of jobs pro­gram, dead­ly and high­ly unjust, that this coun­try has proved will­ing to pro­vide for African Amer­i­cans and poor people. Reviewed in the United States on September 25, 2020. It also analyzes reviews to verify trustworthiness. . . Whereupon, it turned out that what everyone knew was evidently not so.". Those who recognize the importance of approaches beyond the legal, and I consider myself among them, believe that civil rights and the quality of life of the disadvantaged can be advanced only if the struggle for legal equality continues to be pursued, although not by that means alone. . . . . On the contrary, it is particularly when any group of people is dependent, without financial or social or political power, that the democratic state must insist upon providing them the “luxury” of nonconformity.

Certainly many of the letters above suggest that these difficulties will reappear with undiminished vigor. I found Mr. Greenberg’s letter troubling but extremely useful as an indication of how difficult problems of communication can be, particularly the communication of intent. The Moynihan Report. Wrest­ing the report back from con­ser­v­a­tives fur­ther­more lim­its today’s ambi­tions to the faulty aspi­ra­tions of 1960s lib­er­al­ism.

. Title VII, the Equal Employment Opportunity section of the 1964 Civil Rights Act, is being enforced hardly at all. Not his facts; not his racial attitudes; not his discretion—his analysis. . William RyanYale UniversitySchool of MedicineNew Haven, Connecticut, It is difficult to accept Daniel P. Moynihan’s most recent comment upon the cultural patterns of urban Negroes: “Hence they simply cannot afford the luxury of having a large lower class that is at once deviant and dependent.”.

Con­ser­v­a­tives shame­less­ly ignore these ele­ments of the report when cel­e­brat­ing it. . There is no cure for it. The evidence—not final but powerfully persuasive—is that the Negro family in the urban ghettos is crumbling.”  —From the introduction to The Moynihan Report, 1965. endobj . I certainly accept Professor Gross’s cautions about the doctrine-of-the-golden-moment. . . . .

. . As Moynihan has sensed, the controversy is ultimately ideological rather than scientific. While I am not opposed to a family allowance policy (though it raises serious issues about the role of work in society), I hardly think that it will wrap up the difficulties faced by American Negroes.


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