A fair proportion of those migrating from Arab nations are from ethnic and religious minorities facing racial and or religious persecution and are not necessarily ethnic Arabs, Iranians or Turks.

Other defining events in this transformation included the establishment of Israel in 1948 and the eventual departure of European powers, notably Britain and France by the end of the 1960s. 9–12. Since the 1960s,the changes in political and economic factors (especially the enormous oil wealth in the region and conflicts) have significantly altered the ethnic composition of groups in the region. Arabic and Hebrew represent the Afro-Asiatic language family. While it is primarily spoken in Iran and some border areas in neighbouring countries, the country is one of the region's largest and most populous.

Learn how and when to remove this template message, Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia. Russian is spoken by a large portion of the Israeli population, because of emigration in the late 1990s. In recent years, however, countries such as the UAE, Bahrain, and Jordan have begun attracting greater numbers of tourists because of improving tourist facilities and the relaxing of tourism-related restrictive policies. In contrast, "Far East" referred to the countries of East Asia (e.g. "[14] After the series ended in 1903, The Times removed quotation marks from subsequent uses of the term. Because of the low population of many of the Arab States of the Persian Gulf and the demand for labor created by the large discoveries of oil in these countries there has been a steady stream of immigration to the region (mainly from South Asia). Because of the arid climate and heavy reliance on the fossil fuel industry, the Middle East is both a heavy contributor to climate change and a region expected to be severely negatively impacted by it. Ottaway, Marina & Carothers, Thomas (2004-03-29), sfn error: no target: CITEREFBellwood2004 (. TM ® & © 2016 Scholastic Inc. All Rights Reserved. "Migration has always provided an important vent for labor market pressures in the Middle East.

Population Comparisons. However, it would be the later Arab Caliphates of the Middle Ages, or Islamic Golden Age which began with the Arab conquest of the region in the 7th century AD, that would first unify the entire Middle East as a distinct region and create the dominant Islamic ethnic identity that largely (but not exclusively) persists today. The 4 caliphates that dominated the Middle East for more than 600 years were the Rashidun Caliphate, the Umayyad caliphate, the Abbasid caliphate and the Fatimid caliphate. Native ethnic groups of the region include, in addition to Arabs, Arameans, Assyrians, Baloch, Berbers, Copts, Druze, Greek Cypriots, Jews, Kurds, Lurs, Mandaeans, Persians, Samaritans, Shabaks, Tats, and Zazas. Prior to the formation of civilizations, advanced cultures formed all over the Middle East during the Stone age. The Near East was first largely unified under the Neo Assyrian Empire, then the Achaemenid Empire followed later by the Macedonian Empire and after this to some degree by the Iranian empires (namely the Parthian and Sassanid Empires), the Roman Empire and Byzantine Empire. Arabs constitute the largest ethnic group in the Middle East, followed by various Iranian peoples and then by Turkic speaking groups (Turkish, Azeris, and Iraqi Turkmen). [28] Around 10,700–9400 BC a settlement was established in Tell Qaramel, 10 miles (16 km) north of Aleppo. Hebrew is spoken and used by over 80% of Israel's population, the other 20% using Arabic. [21] Even though the term originated in the West, apart from Arabic, other languages of countries of the Middle East also use a translation of it. [58] If greenhouse gas emissions are not significantly reduced, part of the MENA region risks becoming uninhabitable before the year 2100. In German the term Naher Osten (Near East) is still in common use (nowadays the term Mittlerer Osten is more and more common in press texts translated from English sources, albeit having a distinct meaning) and in Russian Ближний Восток or Blizhniy Vostok, Bulgarian Близкия Изток, Polish Bliski Wschód or Croatian Bliski istok (meaning Near East in all the four Slavic languages) remains as the only appropriate term for the region. Ismael, Jacqueline S., Tareq Y. Ismael, and Glenn Perry. [10][11] He labeled the area surrounding the Persian Gulf as the Middle East, and said that after Egypt's Suez Canal, it was the most important passage for Britain to control in order to keep the Russians from advancing towards British India. Ethnic groups in the United Arab Emirates, "National Geographic DNA analysis project proves that Egyptians and Tunisians are not Arabs", "Egyptians are 71% North Eastern African nation", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ethnic_groups_in_the_Middle_East&oldid=986889850, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 November 2020, at 16:18.


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